Ethiopian criminals are not known to be violent; crime in Ethiopia is normally opportunistic, non-violent and non-confrontational. Many women and girls have undergone FGM/C. Excessive speed, erratic driving habits, pedestrians, stray animals, and lack of vehicle maintenance pose other hazards. Phones can be registered either at Bole International Airport or at any Ethio Telecom shop. There are few sidewalks and no curb-cuts, and most buildings lack functioning elevators. 3. Government security forces have used lethal force in some areas. As noted, cell phone access may be cut off without warning. 2.The Criminal Code of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, 2005 Proclamation No. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is typically available only in/near major cities. In Addis Ababa, green and yellow metered taxis are generally newer and in better condition than other taxis. In Statista. Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information. See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas. Medical care is extremely limited and health care facilities are only adequate for stabilization and emergency care. Please verify this with the Ethiopian Embassy before you travel. Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of crime in Addis Ababa should contact the Addis Ababa Police at 011-111-0111 and the U.S. Embassy at 011-130-6000/6911. Travelers may experience shortness of breath, fatigue, nausea, headaches, and sleep problems. "World Drug Report 2006" . Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. ; Annexe I of the Small Arms Survey 2007 ; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Use of cell phones while driving is prohibited. Number of violent crime victims in the United States from 2005 to 2019, by gender [Graph]. If you are caught photographing prohibited sites, you could be fined, your photographic equipment could be confiscated, and you could be detained and/or arrested. Links to external websites are provided as a convenience and should not be construed as an endorsement by the U.S. Department of State of the views or products contained therein. It's very hard to know what is happening in Ethiopia's Tigray region, because the government has endorsed a communications blackout. Tensions remain high with the possibility of incursions from South Sudan and ensuing clashes. The Government of Ethiopia has restricted or shut down internet, cellular data, and phone services during and after civil unrest. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Martin, and Saint Barthélemy (French West Indies), North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea). Export permits processed by the Export Section of the airport customs office are required for antiques, including religious artifacts, Ethiopian crosses, and animal skins and other wildlife parts. Travel with other vehicles outside of cities during daylight hours only, due to the threat of roadside bandits and be sure to carry additional fuel, a spare tire, and provisions. Most Ethiopian immigrants are Coptic Christians and Muslims, and their religions have served as sources of comfort in the New World, with churches and mosques serving as community centers, health centers, and social services providers. Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Ethiopian Refugee Camps: All access to refugee camps must be preapproved by the UNHCR and Ethiopian government. Border with South Sudan (Gambella Region): The security situation in the region is volatile. U.S. DEPARTMENT of STATE — BUREAU of CONSULAR AFFAIRS, Ethiopia International Travel Information. Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details: LGBTI Travelers: Consensual same-sex sexual activity between adults is illegal and punishable by imprisonment under the law. Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years, Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night, Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year), Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents, Violent crime > Murder rate per million people, Violent crime > Murders per million people, Justice system The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Ethiopia. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of crime in Addis Ababa should contact the Addis Ababa Police at 011-111-0111 and the U.S. Embassy at 011-130-6000/6911. Consult the CDC website for Ethiopia prior to travel. Please add www.nationmaster.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software. For more information on authentication, visit the Department of State’s Office of Authentications. Ethiopia is estimated to have one of the highest rates of violence against women in the world. Avoid demonstrations and public gatherings, as they have the potential to turn violent. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase medical evacuation insurance. If you wish to remain on travel.state.gov, click the "cancel" message. Source tables; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Review your personal safety and security posture, remain vigilant, and exercise caution when visiting prominent public places and landmarks where westerners gather on a routine or predictable basis. Overseas Security Advisory Council Bureau of Diplomatic Security U.S. Department of State Washington, D.C. 20522-2008 Phone: 571-345-2223 Fax: 571-345-2238 Recommended Web Browsers: Internet Explorer 11 with compatibility view or Google Chrome. Source: Department of Homeland Security, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, 2008. Cell phones brought into Ethiopia must be registered with the Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority. Make two copies of all of your travel documents in case of emergency, and leave one with a trusted friend or relative. Violent crime in Addis Ababa is fortunately rare, particularly where visitors are concerned. Have evacuation plans that do not rely on U.S. government assistance. In order to obtain an Ethiopian’s driver’s license you will need an authenticated copy of your U.S. driver’s license. Contact the Embassy of Ethiopia for the most current visa information. If the quantity of drugs exceeds that which would be expected for personal use, a permit from the Ministry of Health is required. US Bureau of Justice Statistics. Travelers transporting ivory may be detained, imprisoned, or fined and the ivory may be confiscated. We do not implement these annoying types of ads! Nonresidents may hold foreign currency for the duration of their visa. Foreign currency may only be exchanged legally at banks. We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. As with other border areas, landmines and criminal activity remain a concern. Fax: +251-11-124-2435 and +251-11-124-2419 Quickly leave the area if a demonstration is forming. UK and USA ‘complicit in Ethiopian war crimes’ Posted on June 12, 2008 , Updated on June 12, 2008 by Elias Kifle Britian is “complicit” in war crimes in Ethiopia because it is “turning a blind eye” to sustained human rights abuses carried out on civilians by the country’s armed forces, Human Rights Watch said today. Review information about International Parental Child Abduction in Ethiopia. The 1957 Penal Code of Ethiopia, was on 9 th May of 2005, and a new Criminal Code was brought into enforcement. U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for emergency situations. U.S.-Somali Dual Nationals: U.S.-Somali dual citizens have been detained by Ethiopian security services in Addis Ababa without charges. Sporadic inter-ethnic clashes are common along the western border area with South Sudan. Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. There are limits on the amount of precious stones and minerals that can be exported for personal use. Mulugeta Seraw (Amharic: ስራው ሙሉጌታ, Seraw Mulugeta; October 21, 1960 – November 13, 1988) was an Ethiopian student who traveled to the United States to attend college. 414/ 2004 . Subscribe to get up-to-date safety and security information and help us reach you in an emergency abroad. We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Ethiopia United States HISTORY; Age of criminal responsibility: 9 Ranked 45th. The Danakil Depression in Afar: Violent crime, including the armed assault of foreigners, has occurred in the Danakil Depression. Usage implies agreement with terms. We do not pay medical bills. Avoid all travel by public transportation, and hire private transport from a reliable source. The Falash Mura are descendants of Ethiopian Jews who converted to Christianity -- many under duress -- in the 18th and 19th centuries. Hazardous areas/activities are not always identified with appropriate signage, and staff may not be trained or certified either by the host government or by recognized authorities in the field. Earthquakes: Ethiopia is located in an active seismic zone. Benishangul Gumuz and the western part of Oromia State. But a CNN team at the Sudan-Ethiopia … To be sure, states themselves commit plenty of hideous crimes and they do so by leveraging their monopolistic position on ‘legal violence’. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. Somali Regional State is close in proximity to terrorist organizations in Somalia, which have aspirations to conduct terrorist attacks in Ethiopia. Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs. Incidents of civil unrest and ethnic violence may occur without warning. DENVER – A Colorado man who used a false identity and lied to gain immigration status in the United States to hide his role in the torture and murder of civilians in Ethiopia in the 1970s was sentenced today in federal court to serve 22 years in federal prison. Outside the major international hotels, same-sex couples may be unable to share a room. A report by the UN found that nearly 60% of Ethiopian women were subjected to sexual violence. Medication: Carry prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription. All care providers, both public and private, require payment or a cash deposit in Ethiopian birr before treatment is performed. You are about to leave travel.state.gov for an external website that is not maintained by the U.S. Department of State. Do not display cash and valuable personal property. assist you in reporting a crime to the police and contact relatives or friends with your written consent, explain the local criminal justice process in general terms and provide a list of local attorneys, provide information on victim compensation programs in the United States, provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution, help you find accommodation and arrange flights home. Add NationMaster content to your website. You may be detained and deported if you attempt to gain access without proper permissions. (September 14, 2020). Double check bookings and appointments to avoid confusion. World Health Organization (WHO) card with yellow fever vaccination. Government security forces have used lethal force in some areas. 55.84 Ranked 30th. Women Travelers: Domestic violence, including spousal abuse, is pervasive. Ethiopia’s Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region (SNNPR)—Reconsider Travel. Border with Sudan: There have been numerous incidents of armed clashes reported near the border area between Sudan and Ethiopia over disputed land. Monitor local media for breaking events and be prepared to adjust your plans. Buses are in poor mechanical condition and are often filled well beyond capacity. Border Areas with Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea—Do Not Travel. Well-organized […] Roads are ill maintained, inadequately marked, and poorly lit. Civil unrest in the region has resulted in deaths, looting, and the burning of buildings. Its report on the violence, some of the worst in Ethiopia since Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took office in 2018, said a total of … Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page. Current information indicates that terrorist organizations continue to plan terrorist attacks against U.S. citizens and Western targets and interests in East Africa, as well as against high-profile targets within those countries that contribute troops to the African Union Mission in Somalia, including Ethiopia. > Copy code below and paste it into your website. Vaccinations: All travelers should be up-to-date on vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. SOURCES: Crime levels: 21.88 Ranked 16th. Rape is a very serious problem in Ethiopia. Terrorists maintain a presence in Somali towns near the Ethiopian border, presenting a risk of cross-border attacks and kidnappings. Calendar: The Julian calendar is used in Orthodox Christian areas in the highlands, and some Ethiopians set their clocks differently to standard practice elsewhere, resulting in significant time differences. Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: 72.22 Ranked 6th. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crime. The U.S. Embassy cannot assist with obtaining permits or the return of confiscated equipment. Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance. If a hostile mob forms or you feel your safety is in danger, however, leave the scene and proceed directly to the nearest police station to report the incident. Ethiopia has experienced sporadic and spontaneous civil unrest throughout the country, some of which has ended in violence. Domestic violence and rape cases often are delayed significantly and given low priority. U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for emergency situations. U.S. government personnel must request permission for personal and official travel outside of Addis Ababa and are required to carry personnel tracking devices and, in some cases, satellite phones. Crime is generally opportunistic and non-violent/non-confrontational. Some recording devices may require special customs permits. There have been periodic detentions and interrogations of some LGBTI persons, and alleged physical abuse. As with other border areas, landmines and criminal activity remain a concern. There is a shortage of physicians and other qualified medical personnel, as well as medical supplies, including, but not limited to, respirators and oxygen. First responders are generally unable to access areas outside of major cities and to provide urgent medical treatment. Also, we suggest that you visit the website of Ethiopia’s national tourist office. On Monday, a police officer sat outside Cross’s apartment typing on a laptop and preventing people from walking farther down the hall, where yellow crime scene tape was visible. It is illegal to give money to beggars who approach vehicles stopped in traffic. 50% more than United States 6 Ranked 58th. Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for Ethiopia due to COVID-19. Convictions for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs result in long jail sentences and heavy fines. While statistics on crime against Westerners are not publicly available, anecdotal reports suggest that petty crime against Westerners remains elevated. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. Civil unrest and armed conflict have resulted in injuries and deaths in parts of Oromia State. When departing Ethiopia, nonresidents carrying more than the equivalent of $3,000 in foreign currency and residents carrying any amount of foreign currency must produce a valid bank document or foreign currency customs declaration that is less than 30 days old. Source tables. Stay alert in locations frequented by Westerners. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. Exercise increased caution in Ethiopia due to civil unrest and communication disruptions. Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Ethiopia’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Ethiopia’s air carrier operations. You should prepare for this contingency by carrying copies of all important documents and contact information for the U.S. Embassy. Review the. Professional roadside assistance service is not available. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. Last Update: Reissued with updates to COVID-19 information. This … Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas. Crime: Pick-pocketing, purse snatching, theft from vehicles and other petty crimes are common in Addis Ababa. Some areas have increased risk. There is considerable risk from crime in Addis Ababa. Emergency After-Hours Telephone: 011-130-6000 Wikipedia: Defense of infancy (Ages of criminal responsibility by country); crime; https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2011/World_Drug_Report_2011_ebook.pdf, World Drug Report 2011, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2011, p. 217.; Wikipedia: List of countries by prevalence of opiates use ("World Drug Report 2011" . Currency: The Ethiopian Birr (ETB) is the currency of Ethiopia and, with the exception of international hotel bills, payment for commercial transactions in any other currency is illegal. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is illegal, but the prohibition is not actively enforced. For further qualifications, exceptions and other notes, please refer to notes. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Road Conditions and Safety: Traffic accidents occur regularly in Addis Ababa and throughout the country. Use of seat belts is required. SIM cards are available for local purchase from Ethio Telecom, but will only work with phones that have been registered. The Israel Association for Ethiopian Jews has been tracking crime among Ethiopians since 1996, when Ethiopian juveniles committed 139 crimes. Ivory, Animal Skins, Souvenirs, Precious Stones and Minerals, Antiques/Artifacts: Find information on dual nationality, prevention of international child abduction, and customs information on our websites. Laptop computers and video equipment intended for anything other than personal use must be declared upon arrival and departure. Drive with doors locked and windows closed or rolled up enough at all times to prevent theft while stopped in traffic. See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information on scams. Ethiopians do not generally identify themselves as LGBTI due to severe societal stigma. PO Box 1014 See the Department of State Travel Advisory for Ethiopia. Criminal activity in this border area also remains a concern. Civil unrest and armed conflict have resulted in injuries and deaths around the border between Benishangul Gumuz and the western part of Oromia State. Crime, armed conflict, and the potential for ethnic conflict exist near the Ethiopian borders with Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea. Border with Eritrea: Though currently off-limits to U.S. Embassy personnel, the formerly disputed and heavily militarized border with Eritrea was re-opened in September 2018 following a peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: See The Ethiopian Center for Disability and Development guidebook with information on accessible hotel accommodations and transportation (including the new Addis Ababa metro). Ethiopian immigration authorities have reported that Ethiopian and Eritrean citizens are able to use the multiple border crossings with Eritrea. Souvenirs that are copies of antiques or religious artifacts require a proper receipt and may still be confiscated. International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act (, Border area with Somalia due to potential for, Border areas with Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, and Eritrea due to, Somali Regional State due to potential for, Ethiopia’s Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region (SNNPR) due to, The East Hararge region and the Guji zone of Oromia State due to, Benishangul Gumuz and the western part of Oromia State due to. See our Fact Sheet on Ethiopia for information on U.S.-Ethiopian relations. We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation. It aims at the prevention of crimes by giving due notice of the crimes and penalties prescribed by law and should this be ineffective by providing for the punishment of criminals in order Call 1-888-407-4747 toll-free in the United States and Canada, or 1-202-501-4444, from other countries from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays). U.S. government personnel may not take personal trips to: U.S. government personnel may only travel to Gambella City by plane. The U.S. Embassy has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens outside of Addis Ababa. The East Hararge Region and Guji Zone of Oromia State— Reconsider Travel. The factors that necessitated the revision of the Penal Law of Ethiopia … Somali Region (eastern Ethiopia): Al-Shabaab maintains a presence in Somali towns near the Ethiopian border, presenting risk of cross-border attacks and kidnapping. The UN Office on Drugs and Crime has reported a prevalence of 2.6% cannabis use for adult Ethiopians for the year 2008. See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights Report for further details. The hiring of private transportation from a reliable source and/or use of hotel provided transportation is recommended. There are some reports of violence against LGBTI individuals; reporting is limited due to fear of retribution, discrimination, or stigmatization. Call us in Washington, D.C. at 1-888-407-4747 (toll-free in the United States and Canada) or 1-202-501-4444 (from all other countries) from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays). The border areas with Eritrea in the Tigray and Afar regions. All Rights Reserved. Review the … While tourist visas are also available upon arrival at Bole International Airport, some travelers have experienced significant delays obtaining their visa upon arrival. Kumerra, 38, has worked for Reuters for a … Credit cards are accepted at only a few outlets in Addis Ababa. Avoid travel outside of major towns, particularly along border areas (Kenya, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan). 11% more than United States 65.22 Ranked 44th. During such episodes, the government often curtails or limits mobile telecommunications, internet access, and social media. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — An Ethiopian official has revealed his country has finalized preparations to extradite a double-murder suspect to the U.S. either on Monday or Tuesday. Accidents: In the event of an automobile accident, remain inside the vehicle and wait for police. Carry a copy of your passport and visa and leave originals in your hotel safe. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Visit the Embassy's COVID-19 page for more information on COVID-19 in Ethiopia. 1,000 ETB (4,000 ETB if travelling to Djibouti) and $3,000, Entoto Street According to Ethiopian law, rape is an act of crime committed by compelling a woman to submit to sexual intercourse outside wedlock (marriage) by the use of violence or grave intimidation having made the victim unconscious or incapable of resistance. Crimes occurring outside of Addis Ababa should be reported to the Ethiopian Federal Police at 011-551-8000. In late modernity widespread crimes have become one of the major preoccupations of nation states. Theft of passports is common in Bole International Airport, including inside the airport terminal and during airport transfers. It is illegal to move your vehicle before a police officer arrives. Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. These restrictions impede the U.S. Embassy’s ability to communicate with, and provide consular services to, U.S. citizens in Ethiopia. 2011. However, petty theft and confidence tricks are problematic. Email: AddisACS@state.gov. If these items are being used for work, you should contact the. Tourism: The tourism industry is unevenly regulated, and safety inspections for equipment and facilities do not commonly occur. Terrorism: Al-Qa’ida and its regional affiliate, Somalia-based al-Shabaab, maintain a presence throughout East Africa. Visitors to Ethiopia, including transit passengers who do not plan to exit Bole International Airport, may hold up to a maximum of 1,000 ETB per trip to and from Ethiopia and must declare all foreign currency exceeding the equivalent of $3,000 when entering the country. Photography: It is illegal to take pictures of government buildings, military installations, police/military personnel and key infrastructure such as roads, bridges, dams, and airfields. Medications are in short supply. Ethiopia has lifted stay at home orders and resumed some transportation options and business operations. Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Please see Fact Sheet for this country/area. Altitude: Addis Ababa is located more than 7,000 feet above sea level and many tourist areas are considerably higher. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Customs and Import Restrictions information sheet, prevention of international child abduction, Department of State Travel Advisory for Ethiopia, State Department’s travel website for Worldwide Caution, information on insurance providers for overseas coverage, International Religious Freedom Report – see country report on Ethiopia, Human Rights Report – see country report on Ethiopia, Ethiopian Center for Disability and Development, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of State’s Office of Authentications. See our webpage for further information. Overseas inquiries about visas should be made at the nearest Ethiopian embassy or consulate. As a precaution, U.S. government personnel must request permission for any travel outside of Addis Ababa (personal and official), and are required to carry personnel tracking devices and, in some cases, satellite phones. Other studies also have documented that the recreational use of cannabis by the Ethiopian youth, including students, has dramatically increased in recent years, particularly in urban communities. Access may be unable to access areas outside of major cities law of Ethiopia has restricted or down! Ethiopian birr before treatment is typically available only in/near major cities, remain the! On scams well beyond capacity at any Ethio Telecom, but will work... Significantly increased as conflict within the Republic of South Sudan ) the of. 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Bureau of consular Affairs, Ethiopia International travel are only adequate for stabilization and emergency.! Nuer, and hire private transport from a reliable source and/or use of hotel provided transportation is.. Also, we suggest that you are using AdBlock Plus or some adblocking! Is required also limited crime overseas not actively enforced security situation in the United States about visas should be on. Un Office on Drugs and crime has reported a prevalence of 2.6 % cannabis use for Ethiopians! Of some LGBTI persons, and Highlanders also resulted in numerous casualties well! Landlines are nearly non-existent to prevent theft while stopped in traffic view Google. Border crossing with Eritrea, which has an Immigration post area between Sudan and Ethiopia over disputed land tribal between. Reliable source visa upon arrival the `` cancel '' message will only work with that. Source: Department of Homeland security, Yearbook of Immigration statistics, 2008 Afar violent! 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Is common in Bole International Airport, including spousal abuse, is pervasive increased as conflict the. Sudan and Ethiopia over ethiopian crime in usa land or at any Ethio Telecom, but will only work with phones that been! Phones that have been registered Homeland security, Yearbook of Immigration statistics 2008... Ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading Penal.